The United Nations (UN) is active with over 90,000 peacekeeping forces in 14 missions worldwide to settle conflicts.

No comparable force – including soldiers, military observers and police officers – enjoys greater legitimacy than these so-called “blue helmets”. This makes the UN peace missions a unique instrument in international conflict management. However, peace missions are not suitable for every conflict. They often face numerous problems themselves and cannot always meet the high expectations placed on them.